Municipalities are responsible for providing necessary health services for their inhabitants – including immigrants, refugees and asylum seekers. Among other things, the municipalities shall provide:
- public health centres for children and young people, a school health service, care during pregnancy and post-natal care,
- a general practitioner (GP) service,
- an accident and emergency service,
- health and care services, such as home nursing care, personal assistance, nursing homes and respite services.
County authorities are responsible for ensuring that dental health care services, including specialist services, are available to all permanent or temporary residents of the country.
The regional health authorities shall ensure that everyone who lives or is staying temporarily in the health region has access to health services at hospitals and from specialists.
Municipal health services are financed by the government through the National Insurance scheme, municipal funds and patient charges. Health care in specialist services is financed by the government through grants to the health authorities, the National Insurance scheme and patient charges.
Children under the age of 16 do not pay patient charges (user fees) for health care that is covered by the upper limit for user fee group 1: approved patient charges paid to doctors, psychologists and outpatient clinics and for x-ray, patient travel and blue prescription medicine and equipment.